However, when our intellect began to exert itself and experiment in the management of life from a basis of understanding, in effect challenging the role of the already established instinctual self, a battle unavoidably broke out between the instinctive self and the newer conscious self.
To illustrate the situation, imagine what would happen if we put a fully conscious mind on the head of a migrating bird. Obviously, the intellect could not afford to give in to the instincts, and unable to understand and thus explain why its experiments in self-adjustment were necessary, the conscious intellect had no way of refuting the implicit criticism from the instincts even though it knew it was unjust.
Until the conscious mind found the redeeming understanding of why it had to defy the instincts namely the scientific understanding of the difference in the way genes and nerves process information, that one is an orientating learning system while the other is an insightful learning system , the intellect was left having to endure a psychologically distressed, upset condition, with no choice but to defy that opposition from the instincts. We became ego-centric, self-centred or selfish, preoccupied with aggressively competing for opportunities to prove we are good and not bad — we unavoidably became selfish , aggressive and competitive.
Regarding the so-called Seven Deadly Sins of lust, anger, pride, envy, covetousness, gluttony and sloth, they are simply different manifestations of the three fundamental aspects of our upset of anger, egocentricity and alienation. Page 68 of PDF Version What is so exonerating, rehabilitating and healing about this explanation of the human condition is that we can finally appreciate that there was a very good reason for our angry, alienated and egocentric behaviour — in fact, we can now see why we have not just been ego-centric, but ego- infuriated , even ego-gone-mad-with-murderous-anger for having to live with so much unjust criticism.
From being competitive, selfish and aggressive, humans return to being cooperative, selfless and loving. Our round of departure has ended. The poet T. As just demonstrated, with understanding of the human condition found ALL the great issues finally become explainable.
See also : Human condition — What is science? For a book of these explanations to keep or give to others, print The Book of Real Answers to Everything! Please go to your browser settings to enable it. On The Genealogy of Morals is made up of three essays, all of which question and critique the value of our moral judgments based on a genealogical method whereby Nietzsche examines the origins and meanings of our different moral concepts.
Neuroscientists suggest there is no such thing. Are they right?
The first essay, "'Good and Evil,' 'Good and Bad'" contrasts what Nietzsche calls "master morality" and "slave morality. By contrast, they saw those who were weak, unhealthy, and enslaved as "bad," since their weakness was undesirable. By contrast, the slaves, feeling oppressed by these wealthy and happy masters, called the masters "evil," and called themselves "good" by contrast. The second essay, "'Guilt,' 'Bad Conscience,' and the like" deals with surprise, surprise guilt, bad conscience, and the like.
Nietzsche traces the origins of concepts such as guilt and punishment, showing that originally they were not based on any sense of moral transgression. Rather, guilt simply meant that a debt was owed and punishment was simply a form of securing repayment.
Conscience and Consciousness: a definition
Vischer of the University of St. Thomas School of Law in Minneapolis explores the legal notion of civil society as a moral marketplace where competing moral convictions and claims of conscience are allowed to operate and compete without invoking the trump of state power, thus allowing for a healthy and engaged public life [ 26 ]. National Center for Biotechnology Information , U. Journal List J Med Life v. J Med Life. Author information Article notes Copyright and License information Disclaimer. Received Oct 14; Accepted Jan 6. This is an open-access article distributed under the terms of the Creative Commons Attribution License, which permits unrestricted use, distribution, and reproduction in any medium, provided the original work is properly cited.
This article has been cited by other articles in PMC. Abstract While consciousness has been examined extensively in its different aspects, like in philosophy, psychiatry, neurophysiology, neuroplasticity, etc. Keywords: consciousness, neuronal correlate of consciousness, neuroplasticity, conscience, free will. The five senses 2. The reasoning ability of the mind 3. Imagination and emotion 4. Memory The five senses enable the mind to receive information, then imagination and emotion process it, reason judges it, and memory stores or rejects it.
Free will We can decide to act in accordance with or against our conscience at any given moment. The degree of conscience, or how close the awareness of the person is to the Truth, depends, unfortunately, on two factors: a. The assessment of the information received b.
Conflict of interest. None declared. References 1. Bogen JE. Constraining the Semantic Problem. Libet B, compiler. New York: Harvard University Press; De Sousa A. Towards an integrative theory of consciousness: part 1 neurobiological and cognitive models.
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